New Jersey Infectious Disease Clinics
Patient Portal
ID Care - Board Certified About Us In the News Travel Care Contact Us

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is a severe disease that involves fever, shock, and affects the function of several body organs.

Toxic shock syndrome is caused by a toxin produced by certain types of Staphylococcus bacteria. A similar syndrome, called toxic shock like syndrome (TSLS), can be caused by Streptococcal bacteria.

Although the earliest cases of toxic shock syndrome involved women who were using tampons during their menstrual periods, today less than half of the current cases are associated with such events. Toxic shock syndrome can also occur with skin infections, burns, and after surgery. The condition can also affect children, postmenopausal women, and men.

Risk factors include:

  • Childbirth
  • Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) infection, commonly called a Staph infection
  • Foreign bodies or packings (such as those used to stop nosebleeds)
  • Menstruation
  • Surgery
  • Tampon use (particularly if left in for a long time)
  • Use of barrier contraceptives such as a diaphragm or vaginal sponge
  • Wound infection after surgery

For additional information, please click here http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/toxic-shock-syndrome/DS00221

Follow Us