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Strep Throat

Streptococcal infections can cause a variety of health conditions. There are two types of strep throat: group A and group B. Antibiotics are used to treat both.

Group A strep causes:

  • Strep throat: a sore, red throat, sometimes with white spots on the tonsils
  • Scarlet fever: red rash on the body
  • Impetigo: a skin infection
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease)

Group B strep can cause blood infections, pneumonia and meningitis in newborns. A screening test during pregnancy can determine if you have Group B strep. If diagnosed with Group B strep, IV antibiotics are administered during labor to protect the baby. Adults can also acquire group B strep infections, especially if they are elderly or have other health conditions. Strep B can cause urinary tract infections, blood infections, skin infections and pneumonia in adults.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

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